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Choi, Young Hwan, Hokugo, A. and Murosaki, Yoshiteru, 2004. A Study On The Relation Between The Roles Of â€œShobodanâ€ And Local Community In Japan. AOFST 6
A typical organization of self-fire-fighting in Japan is called â€œShobodanâ€ (volunteer fire corps). During Kobe earthquake in 1995 the fire authorities noticed many limitations in the fire fighting capability. After the Kobe Earthquake community-based organizations were integrated in D.P.W.C (The Disaster Prevention Welfare Community) and the Shobodanâ€™s activities are done at a wider scale comparing with before 1995. Some educational activities such as holding disaster drills by experts and teaching residents about firefighting have been added to the current Shobodanâ€™s responsibilities. The main objective of D.P.W.C is disaster prevention including fire-fighting, crime prevention and improving welfare. The integration of disaster prevention and welfare is a new approach in an aging society such as Japan and has an important meaning.
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