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The total death toll due to residential fires rose to 1223 in Japan 2005, which became an increase of 185 compared with the previous year, and became the worst after 19791. In addition, as is the case2 in the U.S.A. and the U.K., the fire death rates for the elderly population in Japan (per 100,000 population) are very high specially among the groups over 75 yrs in comparison to other age groups. There is a strong concern that there will be an increase in residential fire fatalities, and in particular an increase in the risk of residential fires involving the elderly. The authors have been studying in order to consider preferable measures to reduce the risk of the residential fire fatality in aged society through the analysis of the tendency to past residential fires by using statistical approach. This time, the authors analyzed the effect of the fire prevention measures according to the type of houses and attributes of residents.