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Calculation Of Smoke Movement In Building In Case Of Fire

Matsushita, T., Fukai, H. and Terai, T., 1986. Calculation Of Smoke Movement In Building In Case Of Fire. Fire Safety Science 1: 1123-1132. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.1-1123


Calculation methods of smoke movement by using graph theory are presented. If both the routes of smoke movement and of evacuation are to be represented by the same method, the analysis of interaction is very simplified. The main features of these programs are: 1. Flow circuit is expressed by incidence matrix, or loop matrix. If the data such as the incidence matrix, the geometry of branch and the initial conditions are given, no other modification is necessary to the program. 2. In order to facilitate analysis of the interaction between evacuation and smoke flow, methods are proposed to select the tree which embeds the evacuation route into part of the smoke flow tree, and to number the nodes and branches to simplify the incidence matrix. 3. The flow rate assuming method has been shown to be more efficient than the pressure assuming method.


graph theory, incidence matrix, loop matrix, smoke movement, evacuation, pressure assuming method, flow rate assuming method, newton's method

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