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Experimental Room Fire Studies with Perforated Suspended Ceiling

Tsui F.S.C., Chow, W.K., Gao, Y., Dong, H. and Zou G.W., 2011. Experimental Room Fire Studies with Perforated Suspended Ceiling. Fire Safety Science 10: 1235-1248. 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-1235


Suspended false ceilings are commonly installed as a new interior design feature in modern buildings of the Far East. Different shapes, profiles, materials and installation methods were adopted. There are fire safety concerns on extending the activation time and disturbing the water spray pattern of sprinkler systems. Ceilings with timber products might also be ignited. It is necessary to study the differences in thermal environment of a fire in rooms with and without suspended ceiling features. Full-scale burning tests on wood perforated ceilings were carried out to study the indoor temperature distributions in a room fire. Two small fire sources of 250 kW and 500 kW were set up in a room of size 3.6 m by 2.4 m and height 4.5 m. Air temperatures at both the solid ceiling level and the perforated false ceiling level were measured. Effect of perforated ceiling on actuation of liquid-in-bulb sprinkler heads was also studied. The time to actuate the sprinkler heads mounted at the solid ceiling level and the perforated ceiling level were measured. Results compiled in this paper on perforated false ceilings are useful for understanding room fire behavior for designing appropriate fire service installations.

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