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Larusdottir A.R. and Dederichs A.S, 2011. A Step Towards Including Children's Evacuation Parameters and Behavior in Fire Safe Building Design. Fire Safety Science 10: 187-195. 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-187
An important part the worldâ€™s population is neglected in todayâ€™s fire safety design - children. The vast amounts of data as well as the empirical models applied describe adults. This paper embraces the fact that there is a difference between children and adults, regarding evacuation and that childrenÂ´s movement parameters are age dependent. On the basis of 16 full scale evacuation experiments made in 10 Danish daycare centers the present paper gives input data applicable in fire safety design on flow through doors, walking speed in horizontal plane and spiral stairs. Parameters distinguish small children in the age of 0-2 years from older ones in the age 3-6 years. An empirical model of childrenÂ´s flow through doors is introduced. It is found that there is a higher need of assistance during evacuation for children in the age of 0-2 years. At last some behavioral aspects noticed during the evacuations are discussed for further understanding on the topic.