Fire Safety Science Digital Archive

IAFSS Symposiums

IAFSS Symposiums All Symposiums Symposium 1 Symposium 2 Symposium 3 Symposium 4 Symposium 5 Symposium 6 Symposium 7 Symposium 8 Symposium 9 Symposium 10 Symposium 11 Fire Research Notes AOFST Symposiums
Modeling Heat Transfer in Thin Fire Blanket Materials under High External Heat Fluxes

Hsu S.Y., T'ien J., Takahashi, F. and Olson S., 2011. Modeling Heat Transfer in Thin Fire Blanket Materials under High External Heat Fluxes. Fire Safety Science 10: 973-986. 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-973


To investigate the performance of thin fire blanket materials for house protection from wildland fires, a one-dimensional numerical model, which combines conductive and radiative heat transfer, has been developed, solved and compared with bench-scale experiments. Two types of incident heat sources are studied: convective heating from a burner flame and radiative heating from a cone heater. Radiative heat exchange between the blanket and the environment is critical in the performance of the blankets at high temperatures. The treatment of radiation includes the solution of radiative transfer equation by discrete ordinate method since in-depth absorbing, emitting and scattering are believed to be important in these thin blanket materials. A number of material combinations were tested and analyzed, including single and double layers of fiberglass fabric with and without aluminum foil on the front and back surfaces. It is found that high heat-blocking efficiencies can be obtained using thin blankets. Interestingly, it is also found that protecting a house from convective heating is a more difficult challenge than protecting it from radiant heating.

View Article

Member's Page | Join IAFSS | Author's Site

Copyright © International Association for Fire Safety Science