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A Validation Data-Set and Suggested Validation Protocol for Ship Evacuation Models

Galea, E.R., Deere S., Brown R. and Filippidis, L., 2014. A Validation Data-Set and Suggested Validation Protocol for Ship Evacuation Models. Fire Safety Science 11: 1115-1128. 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.11-1115


An evacuation model validation data-set collected as part of the EU FP7 project SAFEGUARD is presented. The data was collected from a cruise ship operated by Royal Caribbean International (CS). The trial was a semi-unannounced assembly trial conducted at sea and involved some 2500 passengers. The trial took place at an unspecified time however, passengers were aware that on their voyage an assembly exercise would take place. The validation data-set consists of passenger; response times, starting locations, end locations and arrival times in the assembly stations. The validation data were collected using a novel data acquisition system consisting of ship-mounted beacons, each emitting unique Infra-Red (IR) signals and IR data logging tags worn by each passenger. The results from blind simulations using maritimeEXODUS for the assembly trial are presented and compared with the measured data. Three objective measures are proposed to assess the goodness of fit between the predicted model data and the measured data.


transportation, validation, modelling, egress, human factors, human behavior

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