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Wang, Z.X., 1989. A Three Layer Model For Oil Tank Fires. Fire Safety Science 2: 209-220. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.2-209
A three layer model for oil tank fires, which can be used to calculate heat transfer and burning rates more accurately, is studied theoretically and experimentally. It can also be used to explain the important role played by the ullage (or air space) in oil tank fires. The validity of this model has been established by burning jet fuel in an oil tank 1.6 m in diameter and 1.5 m high.
fire models, tank fires, heat transfer, radiation feedback, burning rates
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