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Smoke Hazard Assessment On Offshore Oil And Gas Installations

Kandola, B.S., 1994. Smoke Hazard Assessment On Offshore Oil And Gas Installations. Fire Safety Science 4: 1233-1244. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.4-1233


In an emergency situation on an offshore production platform, a Temporary Safe Refuge (TSR) is required to provide life support for a set period until such time that a complete evacuation is carried out. Uncontrolled ingress of smoke resulting from external fires can cause visibility and toxic hazards to personnel inside the TSR. A proper design and location of a TSR with respect to potential fire hazards can minimize these effects. To carry out toxic hazard assessment, AEA Technology has developed a computer code SMILE. This code has been successfully used on numerous existing North Sea installations. The code calculates the build up of combustion products inside a TSR, from which the levels of visibility and toxicity are estimated. This paper briefly discusses the theoretical background to the smoke ingress problem and the application of the SMILE code.


smoke, ingress, modeling, wind, fire, toxicity, visibility, offshore, stack, hazard

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