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Venting Of Defiagrations: Dynamics Of The Process In Systems With A Duct And Receiver

Molkov, V.V., 1994. Venting Of Defiagrations: Dynamics Of The Process In Systems With A Duct And Receiver. Fire Safety Science 4: 1245-1254. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.4-1245


This paper describes the application of a proposed model to vented gaseous explosions in small and large-scale equipment with venting of deflagration through exhaust duct to receiver or atmosphere. It was shown that introduction of a duct and vacuumed receiver into explosion protection system can have strong influence on dynamics of vented deflagration and increase of maximum explosion pressure. The physics of this phenomenon was studied. Coincidence between values of the main unknown parameter of the vented combustion process model turbulization factor x from this work and results following from K.I. Shchelkin and B. Karlovits theories was obtained and confirmed by cinegrams. The 3.7-4 times growth of burnout rate in the vessel due to high level turbulence combustion in the duct was determined by inverse problem method. The discovered effect of combustion intensification can be removed by increase of vent relief pressure or sprinkling of cooling agent into gas mixture flow at the beginning of a duct.


venting of deflagration, dynamics, inverse problem method, turbulisation factor, small and large-scale experiments, vent relief pressure, cooling agent

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