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Plume Behavior In A Confined Tall And Narrow Space-as One Of Sub-models Of Plume For An Atrium Fire-

Hiroomi, S., Sugawa, O., Kurioka, H. and Takahash, W., 1994. Plume Behavior In A Confined Tall And Narrow Space-as One Of Sub-models Of Plume For An Atrium Fire-. Fire Safety Science 4: 551-562. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.4-551


Experimental study on a flow behavior of flame and plume was carried out using a fill scale atrium model and a reduced one having low inlet and high-outlet openings under natural ventilation condition. Similarities between these spaces were pursued on representative ATE in the space and on the inflow behavior which is represented by Froude number estimated at the lower opening(s). Interaction between inflow and flame/plume in the confined space was investigated using the reduced model with some variations of inlet opening arrangements. Temperatures and velocities were measured in a flame, plume, and in the confined space to characterize their vertical and horizontal distributions. Observations on visualized door jet(s), flame inclination (direction and angle), and flame height/length were also conducted in the reduced model. Horizontal distributions of temperature and of velocity are well simulated by doubled Gaussians considering central core region and turbulent peripheral region. Decreasing mode of temperature and velocity along the ascending trajectory in of the core parts were similar to those obtained in an open space. Flame length which is affected by direct or indirect door jet(s) showed the similar manner against heat release rate but lower than these in an open space. And dimensionless flame shape was well correlated to the 213 power of dimensnsionless heat release rate modified with a Froude number. Overall entrainment into a confined space is proportional to the 215 power of dimensnsionless heat release modified by a Grashof number. The confined flame affected with door jet(s) showed the normalized plume radius, b/z, increased about 1.9 times faster than it observed in a free plume in the lower region of the plume.


confined plume, flame height, doubled gaussian, door jets, flame inclination

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