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Modelling And Scaling Of Fireballs From Single -and Two-phase Hydrocarbon Releases

Makhviladze, G.M., Roberts, J.P. and Yakush, S.E., 2000. Modelling And Scaling Of Fireballs From Single -and Two-phase Hydrocarbon Releases. Fire Safety Science 6: 1125-1136. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1125


Numerical modeling of evolution, behavior and radiation of fireballs occurring in the atmosphere as a result of hydrocarbon fuel releases is reported. Transient reacting flows developing upon vertical outflows are considered for the cases of single-phase releases (relevant to discharge of hydrocarbons in the case of low storage overpressure) and two-phase releases (relevant to discharge of pressure-liquefied hydrocarbons). The calculations performed are for methane and propane fireballs in a wide range of fuel masses from 1g up to 1000 kg. The scaling of fireball size and lifetime as functions of fuel mass and release velocity is studied. Unified description of single- and two-phase cloud burning times in terms of Froude number is given. The internal structure of fireballs of different linear scales is obtained. The radiation characteristics of small (optically thin) and large (optically thick) fireballs are compared. Good agreement between the calculated results and experimental data available is demonstrated.


external fires, fire safety, hydrocarbon releases, fireballs, modeling, scaling

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