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Environmental Assessment Of Fires In Products Using The Fire-lca Model

Simonson, M., Andersson, P., Blomqvist, P. and Stripple, H., 2005. Environmental Assessment Of Fires In Products Using The Fire-lca Model. Fire Safety Science 8: 1071-1082. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.8-1071


The environmental impact of products has been increasingly discussed in recent years. In response to questions of the environmental appropriateness of, for example, technologies used to attain a high level of fire safety, a model has been developed to quantify the emissions from fires and include this into a holistic treatment of the environmental impact of a product from the cradle to the grave. This model is based on Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology but represents a significant improvement over traditional LCA models that cannot include accidents such as fires. The Fire-LCA model has been tested in three case studies: TV, cables, and furniture. This article presents the model in detail, in particular focusing on the difference between the Fire-LCA model and traditional LCA models, using examples from the case studies.


modeling, statistics, environment, lca

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