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Barboni, T., Leoni, E., Cancellieri, D., Silvani, X., Chiaramonti, N. and Santoni, P.A., 2005. Sampling And Quantitative Analysis Of Smoke During A Fire Spreading Through A Mediterranean Scrub. Fire Safety Science 8: 1083-1091. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.8-1083
This work consists in sampling and analyzing volatiles and smoke released by a typical Mediterranean vegetation during a fire. On an experimental burning plot, we used two original devices to collect volatiles and smoke. Thanks to air sampling pumps, atmosphere samples were taken, into cartridges filled with an adsorbent and into tedlar bags. The test site was instrumented with different other sensors (thermocouples, fluxmeters, anemometers, IR and visible cameras) in order to get the maximum data . Analyses were performed at the laboratory by gas chromatography one day after the field experiment. Samples were thermally desorbed from the cartridges in the GC column coupled to a MS detector. We aim to characterize the risks related to the toxicity of smoke in actual conditions. Benzene, Toluene and Xylene (BTX) are highly toxic compounds that we propose to quantify in the smoke sampled during the fire. Quantification of such compounds was done with an external calibration using commercial mixtures of BTX.