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A Theoretical Investigation Of Surface Glowing Ignition Leading To Gas Flaming Autoignition

Boonmee, N., 2005. A Theoretical Investigation Of Surface Glowing Ignition Leading To Gas Flaming Autoignition. Fire Safety Science 8: 139-150. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.8-139


A theoretical model for autoignition of wood is developed. The model considers the processes occurring in both solid and gas phases. In the solid phase, a one-dimensional heat conduction model is employed. Char surface oxidation, which can lead to glowing ignition, is taken into account at the solid-gas interface surface. By “glowing ignition”, it means the onset of surface combustion. Criteria for glowing ignition are developed based on a surface energy balance. In the gas phase, a transient two-dimensional laminar boundary layer approximation for gas phase transport equations is constructed. The gas phase model is coupled with the solid phase model via the solid-gas interface surface. Flaming autoignition occurs when the maximum gas reaction rate exceeds a critical value. A numerical result from the coupled gas phase and solid phase models shows that autoignition of the combustible gases behaves in two fashions as autoignition type I at high heat flux ( i q ? ?? > 40 kW/m2) and autoignition type II at low heat flux ( i q ? ?? < 40 kW/m2). In the type I autoignition, the flaming occurs just an instant after glowing ignition is initiated, while in the type II autoignition, the solid undergoes glowing ignition long before the flaming is achieved. Comparisons between the theoretical and experimental results are presented to demonstrate capabilities and limitations of the present model.


flaming autoignition, glowing ignition, fire, wood

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