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The main objective of this paper is to present an approach to evaluating algorithms of fire detection. The importance and purpose of evaluation of fire detection algorithms are briefly described. Characteristics of fire detection algorithms including fire detective, surroundings applicable and immunity to false alarm or nuisance sources are proposed as the main attributes using in evaluating process. Three kinds of evaluating patterns are studied and put into action, and then we called them physical pattern, interface pattern and simulation pattern. Detailed tests are designed to achieve scores under every pattern. Some examples, illustrating the application of this method to evaluate intelligent fire detection algorithms, are given.