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Sekizawa, A., Kakegawa, S. and Ebihara, M., 2008. Review of A Real Multi-story Store Fire by Applying Evacuation and Smoke Movement Interactive Simulation Model. Fire Safety Science 9: 477-488. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-477
The evacuation and smoke movement interactive simulation model has been developed to handle the evacuation of large populations of individuals with mixed walking capabilities. The advantages of the model are: 1) to handle evacuation of individual evacuees considering variety of behavioral parameters, 2) to handle total evacuation in a multi-story building via the stairs, and 3) to consider interactions between egress behavior and spread of smoke in a building. The system is a deterministic simulation program implemented by the agent-based computer language, Repast. Using this simulation model, we conducted case studies to reproduce the smoke condition and evacuation situation of a real fatal fire of the 1990 Nagasakiya-Amagasaki Store Fire as accurately as possible reflecting the facts from the survey. The calculated results of case studies well agreed with the investigated pattern of risk in evacuation behavior linked with the smoke impacts by the model. We also demonstrated that our simulation model is useful enough to examine possible changes of consequences according to different egress scenarios in order to find possible future issues and solutions for the problems regarding the total evacuation in a multi-story building.