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Summoogum S., Wojtalewicz D., Mackie, J. C., Kennedy, E.M. and Dlugogorski, B.Z., 2011. Formation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans and Their Precursors in Fires of Pyrethroid Pesticide Alpha-Cypermethrin. Fire Safety Science 10: 239-252. 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-239
This study reports the results of the gas phase oxidation of alpha-cypermethrin, a common insecticide, elucidating the decomposition pathways and formation of toxic species such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) and their precursors. Conditions investigated are similar to those encountered in post combustion and cooling-down zones of forest, agricultural and wildland fires, as well as in burning of biomass contaminated or treated with pesticides. The experiments were conducted under fuel lean conditions in a tubular reactor housed in a three-zone heating furnace and operated with a dilute stream of alpha-cypermethrin in ultra high purity nitrogen and oxygen. PCDD/F were identified and quantified by high resolution gas chromatography (HRGC)-ion trap mass spectrometry (ITMS). We detected mono to hepta chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans with maximum emission factor of 131 ?g g-1 and 384 pg ?TEQ-WHO2005 g-1 of alpha-cypermethrin. 1-monochlorodibenzofuran was ranked as the most abundant congener. We also conducted the analyses of volatile organic compounds (VOC) attempting to identify the PCDD/F precursors by means of HRGC-quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS). The results of VOC revealed chlorobenzene, diphenyl ether, benzaldehyde, chlorotoluene, dichlorotoluene as important PCDD/F precursors.