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Vector Autoregressive Modelling Of Fire Signals

Fischer, A. and Luck, H.O., 1994. Vector Autoregressive Modelling Of Fire Signals. Fire Safety Science 4: 727-738. doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.4-727


The applications of multi sensor detectors and/or sophisticated signal processing systems are two of the most important developments in fire detection technology. Due to the increasing complexity involved the layout of fire detection algorithms becomes more and more elaborate. Based on a representative set of recorded sensor signals layout procedures and performance studies of fire detection algorithms can be aided by simulation techniques. This requires adequate and efficient modeling of the signal recordings by a stochastic model. This paper presents a modeling technique based on a vector autoregressive (VAR) model. This model takes into account the cross correlations between the single sensor signals and is therefore well applicable in the field of automatic fire detection. It can serve as a basic component of a development tool for the design of detection algorithms in automatic fire detection technology. The applicability of the model will be shown by simulation results for signals of a ionization chamber, an optical scattered light smoke sensor and temperature sensor used for automatic fire detection measurements in the field.


automatic fire detection, vector autoregressive model, multi sensor detection algorithms

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